Term Report on Storage Of Alcohol In Cosmetics Industry

cosmetics

Term Report on Storage Of Alcohol In Cosmetics Industry

The usage of Alcohol in Medication is now a well-established fact. But as such, alcohol is also an important ingredient in Cosmetics industry. The course of BLL enabled us to take a deeper view of the laws and regulation prescribed and practiced in the storage of Alcohol by the industrial Institutions.

 

As per our research, there are no Cosmetics Manufacturing Units in the vicinity of Karachi where we could visit to have a first person opinion.

This limitation made us very much depended on secondary sources of Information i.e. the Newspaper Clippings, Laws Booklets and Library Stuff. We talked to some relevant persons. And a General view is that Alcohol is used in high quality, and luxurious cosmetics, and which are usually manufactured outside Pakistan, and are imported in the country.

 

 

The Features Of This report are: 

 

  • Section 1 Product Identity and Use

 

  • Section 2 Physical Data

 

  • Section 3 Fire or Explosion Hazard

 

  • Section 4 Reactivity Data

 

  • Section 5 Health Hazard Data

 

  • Section 6 First Aid Measures

 

  • Section 7 Preventive Measures

 

  • Types Of Alcohol

 

  • Their Manufacturing Process & Usage

 

Section I

 

Product Specification and usage

 

 

Product Name:

Chloroform

 

Chemical/Other Names:

Chloroform; formyl trichloride; trichloromethane; methane trichloride

 

Chemical Formula:

CHCl3, C2H5OH

 

Usage:

Laboratory Reagent, Industrial processes

 

 

 

 

Section II

 

Physical Data

 

Physical State:

Liquid

 

Appearance and Odour:

Heavy, Colourless, Clear Liquid, Characteristic pleasant, sweet odour.

 

Boiling Point:

610C

 

Freezing Point:

-640C

 

 

 

Section III

 

Fire or Explosion Hazard

 

 

Conditions Of Flammability:

Noncombustible

 

Extinguishing Media:

Use an extinguisher appropriate to the surrounding material that is burning.

 

Explosion Data     –           Sensitivity to mechanical impact:        No

Sensitivity to static discharge:                         No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section IV

 

Reactivity Data

 

 

Conditions Of instability:

Slowly decomposes if exposed to light

 

Conditions Of Reactivity:

Normally Stable

 

 

 

Section V

 

Health Hazard Data

 

 

 

Route Of Entry:

 

– Skin Contact:   May irritate

  • Skin absorption: Readily absorbed
  • Eye Contact: Irritates
  • Inhalation: Harmful
  • Ingestion:                 Harmful

 

 

 

Effects Of Acute Exposure:

 

Inhalation or ingestion of this material may cause headache, drowsiness, mental confusion, nausea, and unconsciousness.

 

 

Section VI

 

First Aid Measures

 

 

Skin:

 

Flush the Contact Area with lukewarm running water for at least 15 minutes. Remove Contaminated clothing, taking care not to spread the chemical.

 

Eye:

 

Flush the contaminated eye(s) for at least 15 minutes with lukewarm running water, holding the eyelid open. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the non-affected eye. Always seek medical attention for accidents involving the eyes.

 

Inhalation:

 

Take proper precautions to ensure your own safety before attempting rescue. Remove source of contamination or move victim to fresh air.

 

Ingestion:

 

Never give anything by mouth if victim is rapidly losing consciousness, or is unconscious or convulsing. Rinse mouth thoroughly with water. Do not induce vomiting. Have victim drink 200-400 ml of water to dilute.

 

 

 

Section VII

 

Preventive Measures

 

Engineering controls:

 

Engineering control methods to reduce hazardous exposures are preferred. Methods include mechanical ventilation, process or personal enclosures, control of process conditions, and process modification.

 

Administrative Controls:

 

Personal protective equipment:

 

  • Gloves:
    • Nitrile or neoprene
  • Respiratory protection:
    • Approved respirator, fume hood
  • Eye Protection:
    • Chemical safety goggles
  • Clothing:
    • Plastic apron, sleeves and boots as appropriate
  • Storage Requirements:
    • Store in suitable labeled container. Keep containers tightly closed when not in use and when empty. Protect from damage. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area, out of direct sunlight. Store away from incompatible materials.

 

 

Leak Clean-Up:

 

Before dealing with spillages take necessary protective measures, shut off all possible sources of ignition. Absorb on inert absorbent, transfer to container and arrange removal by Disposal Company.

 

 

 

 

 

TYPES OF ALCOHOL

THEIR MAUNFACTURING PROCESS & USAGE

 

TYPE

 

MANUFACTURE

 

USES

 

Methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol) By destructive distillation of wood. Also by synthesis from hydrogen and carbon monoxide under high pressure. Solvent for fats, oils, resins, cellulose nitrate. Manufacture of dyes, methanol, antifreeze solutions, special fuels, plastics.
Ethanol (ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol) By fermentation of sugar, starch, or waste sulphite liquor. Synthesis from ethene or ethyne. Direct hydration of ethene. Solvent for products such as lacquers, paints, varnishes, glues, pharmaceuticals, explosives. Also as “building block” in making high-molecular-weight chemicals.
Propan-2-ol (isopropanol, isopropyl alcohol) By hydration of propene from cracked gases. Also as by-product of certain fermentation processes. Solvent for oils, gums, alkaloids, resins. Making propanone, soap, antiseptic solutions.
Propan-1-ol (n-propanol, n-propyl alcohol) As a co-product of air oxidation of propane and butane mixtures. Solvent for lacquers, resins, coatings, films, waxes. Also as brake fluid, in manufacture of propanoic acid, plasticizers.
2-methylpropan-2-ol (tertiary butanol, tertiary butyl alcohol) By hydration of methylpropene, derived from petroleum cracking. In perfume making. As wetting agent in detergents. Solvent for drugs and cleaning

Compounds.

Pentan-1-ol (n-pentanol, n-pentyl alcohol, n-amyl alcohol)

 

 

By fractional distillation of fusel oil, a co-product of ethanol manufacture by fermentation. Solvent for many natural and synthetic resins. Diluting brake fluids, printing inks, lacquers. In medicinal products.
TYPE

 

MANUFACTURE

 

USES

 

Ethane-1, 2-diol (ethylene glycol, glycol) By oxidation of ethene. Also by hydrogenation of methyl glycolate made from methanal and methanol. De-icing fluid, antifreeze, brake fluid. In production of explosives. Solvent for stains, oils, resins, enamels, inks, dyes.
Diethylene glycol As co-product in manufacture of ethane-1,2-diol. Solvent for dyes, resins. Antileak agent. In gas drying. Softening agent in adhesive printing inks.
Triethylene glycol Co-product in manufacture of ethane-1,2-diol. Air disinfectant and dehumidifier. Production of resins, plasticizers.
Propane-1,2,3-triol (glycerol, glycerine) From treatment of fats in soap making. Synthetically, from propene. By fermentation. In alkyd resins, explosives, cellophane. Tobacco humectant.
Pentaerythritol By condensation of ethanal and methanal. In synthetic resins. As tetranitrate in explosives.
Sorbitol By reduction of sugar, usually corn sugar, with hydrogen. In foods, pharmaceuticals, in chemical manufacture. Conditioning agent in paper, textiles, glue, cosmetics. Source of alcohol in resin manufacture.
Butan-1-ol (n-butanol, n-butyl alcohol) By fermentation of starch or sugar. Also by synthesis, using ethanol or ethyne. Solvent for cellulose nitrate, ethyl cellulose, lacquer, urea-methanal, urea-melamine plastics. Diluent of hydraulic fluids, extractant of drugs.
2-methylpropan-1-ol (isobutanol, isobutyl alcohol) By synthesis from carbon monoxide and hydrogen at high pressure, then distillation from products formed. Solvent for castor-oil-base brake fluids. Substitute for butan-1-ol in making urea resins.
Cyclohexanol By catalytic hydrogenation of phenol. By catalytic air oxidation of cyclohexane. Intermediate in making chemicals used in nylon manufacture. Stabilizer and homogenizer of soaps, synthetic detergents. Solvent.

 

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