Study of IT in Pakistan, Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of Pakistan

computers in pakistan

computers in pakistan

Study of IT in Pakistan

 

Results based on face-to-face interviews in 7,000 households in eight cities of Pakistan conducted in the months of February-March 2001

 

Prepared Exclusively for

 IT & Telecommunications Division, Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of Pakistan

 

Table of Contents

 

 

  • Introduction ……………………………. 1-2
  • Highlights ……………………………          3

 

  • Summary of Findings ……………….          4-17
  • Presentation Tables ……………….          18-61

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

Ministry of Science & Technology Government of Pakistan commissioned a study to determine the position of IT industry in the country. The study was entrusted to Gallup/BRB and KPMG. Several streams of enquiry including In-depth interviews, Focus group discussions and quantitative surveys of professionals and users were initiated. However to get the big picture a households survey was conducted. It covered 7000 households, selected through multistage stratified random sampling, in eight major cities of Pakistan (constituting about half of country’s urban population).

 

The study was conducted in February / March 2001. Information about incidence of computer literate population, computer owning households, computer usage, E-mail / Internet usage and awareness, usage, expertise and experience of different languages and packages, computer education etc. was collected with the help of semi-structured questionnaires drawn with the help of findings of the exploratory qualitative research, in which issues and dimensions of enquiry were identified.

 

 

 

The findings presented in these documents are based on the responses of the individuals about their claims of usage, experiences and expertise.

 

The figures have been projected on the basis of number of households, number of 5+ yrs population and number of 15+ population of the cities covered in this study, as per census figures of 1998 adjusted for the growth in population.

 

The document presents the over-all cumulative findings. City wise results are available in the statistical tables.

 

We hope that these findings will sketch the “Big Picture” of the IT industry in the country. Although it does not provide all finer details, but this sketch will help in future planning for progress in the desired direction.

 

The Researchers are thankful to the Ministry of Science and Technology in general and Mr. Wahaj-us-Siraj in particular for appreciating the difficulties in this pioneering research work, providing necessary support and advice where ever possible and bearing with us.

 

HIGHLIGHTS
  • There are about Two Million (15+ yrs) Computer Literate including students. 800,000 of them are employed.
  • About 500,000 Computer Literate use the Computers at their employment / business places.
  • Computer Literate (employed) with three years or more of experience in some of computer fields are as under:

 

a-Programming (any level)40,000
b-Hardware repair etc34,000
c-Data Base Management29,000
d-Net working12,000
  • There are about 1,300,000 E-mail / Internet Users (5+ yrs).
  • Computer Literate with three years or more experience in some languages / packages are as under:

 

Visual Basic12,000
Oracle12,000
C++11,000
Basic10,000
  • 50,000 Computer Literate from these cities are working abroad in IT / Computer field.
  • 550,000 homes have got a PC. 82% of these have Pentium processors.
  • 167,000 homes bought a new PC during last 12 months.
  • 286,000 PC owning households claim to have E-mail / Internet connections. 74% of these were connected during last 12 months.

 

 

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

 

Following are some of the major findings emerging out of the household survey conducted in the eight major cities of Pakistan in the month of February / March 2001.

 

  • The universe

 

The survey was conducted in Karachi, Lahore Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Faisalabad, Hyderabad, Peshawar and Sialkot comprising about half of the urban population of the country (i.e. about 22 million out of 46 million). The number of households in these cities is 3.41 million. The number of citizens of 5 year or more of age are 19.55 million and the citizens of 15 years or more of age are 13.6 million.

 

  • Computer Literacy

 

There are about 2.38 million Computer Literate in these cities; about 84% of these are males and 16% are females. Their professional breakdown is as under:

 

Profession Among 5+Among 15+
Students¾1,404,0001,037,000
Unemployed¾143,000138,000
Employed¾833,000800,000
TOTAL¾2,380,0001,975,000

 

 

Their age breakdown is as under:

 

Age (5+) Number
5 – 14 yrs¾405,000
15 – 20 yrs¾738,000
21 – 25 yrs¾619,000
26 – 30 yrs¾357,000
31 – 40 yrs¾190,000
> 41 yrs¾71,000

 

It is estimated that more than one million Computer Literate people will enter the job market during next five years.

 

 

  • Level of Skills / Involvement

 

The level of skills of these employed Computer Literate (15+ yrs) and their levels of involvement with computers are said to as under:

 

 Skill / Involvement Employed
a-Low level (typing office work, e-mail / Internet)33.31%
b-Moderate level (additionally using some package)17.42
c-High (additionally programming, networking, hard ware etc.)12.52
d-Hard core (high with experience of 3 yrs or more)5.10
e-No formal / regular use31.64

 

 

 

  • Place of Use

 

The students (less than 15 years of age) use computers mostly at their schools and homes.

 

The places of use of computers by other Computer Literate, (above the age of 15 years) are as under:

 

Place of use (15+) Most oftenAll places*
Home¾35%50%
Educational Institute¾1830
Office / Business¾1926
Friends etc.¾0820
Cyber Cafes¾0411
Others¾0001
No response¾1609

* Multiple Response Question

It is estimated that about 375,000 computer literate most often use computers at their offices / business places. (However, 256,000 employed Computer Literate do not use Computers at their offices / professional work).

 

 

  • Capabilities of Employed Computer Professionals

 

The types of work these Computer Literates (employed) claim that they can do, are doing and those who have an experience of 3 years or more are as under:

 

S#ActivityCan doAre doingExperienced

(³ 3 years)

1.Typing / office work95%84%175,000
2.Games / Music / Movies8363111,000
3.Data Entry705683,000
4.Email / Internet / Chatting624854,000
5.Programming332540,000
6.Hardware repair etc.251739,000
7.Graphic designing261836,000
8.Page composing251730,000
9.International calling332329,000
10.Database management251829,000
11.Web page designing / developing181118,000
12.Networking120712,000
13.Software designing110817,000

 

So about 175,000 Computer Literate are estimated to be using Computers for typing / office work for the last three years or more. About 111,000 Computer Literate are using computers for games, etc. 83,000 of data entry, 54,000 of email / internet surfing, 40,000 of programming at some level, 39,000 are engaged in hardware repair, etc.

 

 

  • E-mail / Internet

 

The estimated number (unduplicated) of people who avail of E-mail / Internet facilities is as under:

 

Place of use (5+) Number (Unduplicated)
Homes¾586,000
Office / College etc¾380,000
Cyber Cafes¾325,000

 

It is estimated that about 1,291,000 people (5+ age group) use E-mail / Internet facilities.

 

It would be recalled that an estimated number of 890,000 Computer Literate (of 15 years or more of age) claim that they are using e-mail / internet facility.

 

 

  • Source of IT knowledge

 

The sources of knowledge of the IT / computer fields in which the Computer Literates consider themselves to be proficient, are as under:

 

 Source of Education / Training Percentage
1.Computer Institutes¾38%

 

2.Schools / colleges / Universities¾14

 

3.Friends / Relatives¾18

 

4.On the job training¾6

 

5.Others¾9

 

6.No response¾15

 

 

 

 

  • Languages / Packages (Employed Computer Literate)

 

The following figures are based on the perceptions / claims of the people about themselves.

 

The languages / packages, claimed to be known by the employed Computer Literate, claimed to be currently working, and languages / packages in which experience of three years or more is claimed, are as under:

 

S#Language / PackageCan workWorkingExperienced ³ 3+ Years
1.MS Office (any part)64%57%26%

(119,000)

2.MS Word272432

(61,000)

3.MS Excel221726

(35,000)

4.MS Power Point120824

(15,000)

5.C++110719

(11,000)

6.Visual Basic080626

(12,000)

7.Fox Pro120718

(10,000)

8.Basic070432

(10,000)

9.Oracle080625

(12,000)

10.Java05046*

(2,000)

11.Internet / Explorer / Netscape040414

(4,000)

12.Cobol06045

(1,600)

 

* With some experience

 

 

  • Operating Systems

 

The Computer Literate population claimed to have been working on following operating systems:

 

Operating SystemEmployedStudents
Windows90%87%
DOS4440
Unix0503

 

 

  • Extent of Usage

 

One fourth of Computer Literate are light users of computers (upto 4 days), the rest are heavy users; average number of usage days for all Computer Literate being 5.4 days.

 

Similarly 61% Computer Literate claim to use the Computers for less than or equal to 3 hours a day, 27% use it more than 3 hours a day. On average Computer Literate use computers for 2.8 hours in a day. (This figure is 4.12 hours in Computer owning households).

 


  • Working abroad

 

1.4% of all households, report that at least one member of their family is working abroad in computer field. On this basis, the number of people working abroad in computer field is estimated to be 50,000. 14% of the households report that at least one member of their families is planning to go abroad in next one year to work in the computer field. As per an enquiry from Computer Literates (+15 yrs), 500,000 of them are seriously considering going abroad within the next one year. These include students and people employed in other professions also.

 

 

  • Profile

 

It is estimated that out of about two million Computer Literate / Users (15+ yrs), about 870,000 are students, 800,000 are employed and the rest unemployed, retired, housewives, etc.

 

 

 

About 40,000 employed Computer Literates have credit Cards and 88,000 have mobile phones with them.

 

 

Household Segment

 

 

  • Computer Owning Households

 

It is estimated that about 550,000 out 3.41 million households have a computer in these eight cities.

 

  • Branded / Unbranded

 

Only 44,000 of out of these 550,000 households claim to have branded computers; rest have unbranded machines.

 

  • Old / New Machines

 

Nearly one third of these households purchased a second hand computer. Rest bought new machines.

 

  • Aging of Newly bought machines

 

25% of these machines are 2 to 5 yrs old. 22% households claim to have acquired the machines in last 1 – 2 years, where as 44% bought their PCs during last 12 months. It is estimated that households purchased about 167,000 new machines during last 12 months.

 


  • Processors

 

82% of the computers in the households (i.e. 452,000) have got Pentium processors.

 

  • Processor Speed

 

The processing speed of 21% of these domestic computers is 400 – 500 MHz, 16% have a 133 – 233 MHz processors. 10% have a 300 – 400 MHz processors.

 

  • RAM

 

39% of domestic computers have a RAM of 64 MB, 24% have a RAM of 32 MB, 10% have 128 MB RAM and only one percent have RAM of more than128 MB.

 

  • CD Drive

 

500,000 domestic computers have a CD drive.

 

  • Computer bought with Internet

 

One fourth of the domestic computers (i.e. about 38,000) are bought with E-mail / ISP connections during last 12 months.

 


  • Fixed Phone

 

87% of PC owning households claim to have a landline (telephone).

 

  • E-mail / Internet Facility

 

52% of Computer owning households (286,000) claim that they have E-mail / Internet facility (at homes).

 

  • Service Providers

 

The popular Internet Service Providers for domestic users are as under:

 

Cyber net¾21%
Pak net¾20
WOL¾14
Brain Net¾07
Super Net¾07
Net Sole¾5
Gem Net¾5

 

  • Aging of Accounts

 

74% of the E-mail / Internet accounts (i.e. 212000) are upto 12 months old.

 

  • Usage

 

On the average 2.6 hours per day are spent on E-mail / Internet surfing by domestic computers (average use 4.12 hours / day).

 

  • Monthly Expenses

 

About Rs. 715/- per month are spent on E-mail / Internet by domestic users.

 

  • Purpose of E-mail / Internet usage

 

Domestic connections of e-mail / Internet are being used for the following purposes:

 

E-mail¾42%
Surfing¾39
Chatting¾15
Others¾02

 

 

  • Profile of Computer Owning households

 

38% of Computer owning households avail of cable facility for satellite channels, 13% have dish and 3% are connected through lead. At least one member of 14% of such households has a Credit Card. Average monthly household income of these families is reported to be around Rs. 18,000/pm.

 

 

Presentation Tables

 

 

 

Household Incidence

and

Penetration

 

Table

Incidence of Computer Usage and

Penetration of Computers in Households

 

 

Among 8* cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Households having computer literate members
Computer literate households35%1190
Computer Non-literate households65%2220
Computer users (5+) in computer literate HHs
Average number of males + females (5+) 2.02380
As a %age of All 5+ population            12%
Average number of males     (5+)1.61900
As a %age of Male 5+ population            18%
Average number of  females (5+)0.4480
As a %age of Female 5+ population               5%
Computer Ownership among All HHs
Computer owning HHs16 %550
Non-owning HHs84 %2860
Computer Users (5+) in Computer Owning HHs
Average number of M+F (5+) users in computer owning HH2.491370
Average number of Males (5+) users in computer owning HH1.961078
Average number of Females (5+) users in computer owning HH0.53292
Computer was present in past among non-owning Hhs
Yes2 %60
No98% 2800

 

Base : No. of HHs in 8 selected cities3410 thousands
Base : Population of 8 selected cities (all ages)22470 thousands
Base : 5+ population of 8 selected cities (87% of above)19550 thousands

(10360 males, 9190 females)

 

*      This study was carried out in major cities namely Karachi, Hyderabad, Lahore, Sialkot, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Islamabad and Peshawar.

 

**   A straight forward growth rate of 2.61% per annum was applied on the 1998 population figures of these 8 selected cities to get the projected figures for year 2001.

 

Table

Reasons of Not Acquiring (Owning) Computers
and Purchase Intent in Households among Computer Using HHs

 

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Reasons among non-owing but computer literate  Households
Computer is expensive20%128
Less buying power / resources 42%269
Do not feel the need30%192
Others4%26
No response4%26
Purchase intent in next 1 year among non-owing households
Definitely would buy13%370
Probably would buy25%720
Definitely would not buy59%1770

 

Base: Computer literate but non-owning Households640 thousands
Base: Computer non-owning Households2860 thousands

 

Table

Computer Education, Literacy and Migration

 

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Willing to give computer education to children
Yes78 %
No22 %
Households with atleast one member working abroad among all households
In computer field / business1.4%50 millions
In other fields / business6.6 %230 millions
No one abroad92 %3130 millions
Households with atleast one member planning to go abroad in Computer field in next 1 year
Yes14 %480 millions
No86 %2930 millions

 

Base: Total number of households in 8 selected cities3410 thousands

 

Table

Media and Lifestyle of Computer literate

And Computer Owning Households

 

Among

All

 

HHs

Among Computer literate HHsAmong Computer Owning HHs
 
Newspaper
Purchasing Hhs – Daily32%50%63%
Purchasing Hhs – Occasionally202622
Non-purchasing Hhs482415
TV Ownership
Owning Hhs82%91%95%
Non-owning HHs1895
Satellite channels source Among TV owning Hhs
Cable24%32%38%
Dish7913
Lead543
None645546
Telephone Ownership
Land Phone42%65%76%
Mobile Phone122
Both Land & Mobile Phone3711
None542611
Credit Card Ownership
Credit Card owning Hhs4%9%14%
Non-owning Hhs969186
Any Persons Working Abroad
Yes8%15%19%
No928581
Average no. of persons working abroad1.51.51.5
Children’s Education
All in English medium32%45%49%
All in Urdu medium29179
Some in English & some in Urdu medium785
No child or children not of school going age323037

 

Base: Number of households in 8 selected cities3410 thousands1190 thousands550 thousands


Table

Profile of Computer Literate and computer owning households

 

Among

All

 

HHs

Among Computer literate HHsAmong Computer Owning HHs
 
 
No. of Earners at home
One51%48%47%
Two293030
Three or more171921
No response332
Average1.81.81.9
 
Household Monthly Income
Upto Rs. 6,00036%15%6%
Rs. 6,001 – 10,000292920
Rs. 10,001 – 20,000203337
> Rs. 20,00071224
Refused81113
Average Monthly IncomeRs. 9983Rs. 14027Rs. 17978

 

Base: Number of households in 8

Selected cities

3410 thousands1190 thousands550 thousands

 

 

 

 

 

Information about

The Computer in Home

 

Table

Type, Period, Processor, Speed and RAM of Computer in Homes
Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Type of Computer
Unbranded92%506
Branded844
New Vs 2nd Hand
New69%380
Second hand31171
Period of Purchase Among New Only
Upto 1 year44%167
1 – 2 years2284
2 – 5 years2595
> 5 years934
No response
Processors
286 / 386 / 486 / 58611%61
Pentium – I31171
Pentium – II25138
Pentium – III26143
Pentium – IV0
Others528
No response211
Processor Speed
Upto 133 MHz10%55
133 – 233 MHz1688
233 – 300 MHz633
300 – 400 MHz1055
400 – 500 MHz21116
500 – 600 MHz844
> 600 MHz844
No response21116
RAM
Upto 16 MB10%55
Upto 32 MB24132
Upto 48 MB16
Upto 64 MB39215
Upto 128 MB1055
More than 128 MB16
No response1794
Base : Computer owning households in 8 selected cities550 thousands

 

Table

Computer with CD Drive and Internet / E-mail Connection

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Computer with CD Drive
Yes91%501
No949
Internet Connections When New Computer

Purchased During Last Year

Base=167,000
Yes23%38
No77129
Computer with Internet / E-mail Connection –

Current Situation

Only e-mail2%11
Internet / both50275
None48264

 

Base : Computer owning households in 8 selected cities550 thousands

 

Table

Internet Access, ISPs and Period of Use,

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Internet Access
Through Telephone lines97%277
Through Cables39
Top 7 ISPs
Cybernet21%60
Pak net2057
W.O.L. (World on line)1440
Brain net720
Super net720
Net Sole514
Gem net514
Length of Using Internet
Upto 1 year74%212
1 – 2 years1337
2 – 5 years720
> 5 years26
No response411
Average in years0.9 years

 

Base: Internet / E-mail owning households in 8 selected cities286 thousands


Table

Monthly Charges of Internet and Average Monthly Hours Spent

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Monthly Charges
Upto Rs. 25014%40
Rs. 251 – 5002983
Rs. 501 – 7501029
Rs. 751 – 10001029
> Rs. 10001646
No response2160
Average monthly expense (in Rs.)Rs. 715204 millions Rs.
Monthly Hours Spending
Upto 10 hours13%37
11 – 20 hours1234
21 – 30 hours1131
31 – 50 hours1440
> 50 hours2469
No response2674
Average monthly consumption (in hours)77 hours22 million hours

 

Base: Internet / E-mail owning households in 8 selected cities286 thousands

 

Table

Computer and Internet / E-mail Users in Households and
Average Number of Hours Computer Used in Households

 

Among 8 cities
AverageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Average Hours Computer is used in households
In working days (Avg. per working day)4.12 hrs
In holidays (Avg. per holiday)4.98 hrs
Internet / E-mail users in Internet / E-mail Owning households
Average number of M+F users per Internet owning HHs2.05586
Average number of Males users per Internet owning HHs1.73495
Average number of Females users per Internet owning HHs0.3291
Internet Users Using Internet in Institutions Among Computer Literate Households (Unduplicated)
Average number of M+F users per computer literate HHs0.44524
Average number of Males users per computer literate HHs0.41488
Average number of Females users per computer literate HHs0.0336
Internet User Using Internet Cyber Cafes (Duplicated)
Average number of M+F users per computer literate HHs0.33393
Average number of Males users per computer literate HHs0.32381
Average number of Females users per computer literate HHs0.0112
Estimated Number of Internet/Email Users  (Unduplicated)586+325+380 =1291 thousands

 

Base: Computer owning households550 thousands
Base: Internet / E-mail owning households286 thousands
Base: Computer literate households1190 thousands

 

Table

Purpose and Use of Computers in Households

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Use of Computers in Computer Owning Households*
For Internet / E-mail52%286
For Education purposes81232
Typing / Office work / Official purposes60172
Games65186
Film / Movie / Music52149
Others16
Purpose of Internet / Email in Internet / E-mail Owning HHs
For e-mail only8%23
For internet surfing only39
For both email / internet surfing89255
Most Often Use of Internet in Households
Chatting15%43
Surfing39112
E-mail42120
Others26
No response13
2nd Most Often Use of Internet in Households
Chatting17%49
Surfing36103
E-mail37106
Others13
No response823

 

Base: Computer owning households550 thousands
Base: Internet / E-mail owning households286 thousands

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

 

 

Detailed information about

Computer Users of Age 15 or Above

 

Table

Places, Frequency and Per Day Duration of Using Computers

(All Working + Non Working Class)

Among 8 cities

(Among all computer users of Age 15+)

%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Place of Using Computer*
At own home50%988
Friend / Relative / Neighbour’s home20395
School/Colleges/University/Institution etc.30593
Office / Shop / Business place etc26514
Internet / Cyber café etc.11217
Others120
No response9178
Most Often Place of Use
At own home35%691
Friend / Relative / Neighbour’s home8158
School/Colleges/University/Institution etc.18356
Office / Shop / Business place etc19375
Internet / Cyber café etc.479
Others0
No response16316
Frequency of Use
Daily (7 days in a week)35%691
5 – 6 days in a week29573
3 – 4 days in a week15296
1 – 2 days in a week9178
No response12237
Average number of days computer is used in a week5.4
Duration of Use– Per Day
Upto 1 hour in a day21%415
1 – 2 hours in a day26514
2 – 3 hours in a day14277
3 – 5 hours in a day13257
5 – 8 hours in a day11217
> 8 hours in a day359
No response11217
Avg. hours per day2.8
Base: Computer users / Literates (15+) in 8 selected cities1975 thousands

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

Table

Places, Frequency and Per Day Duration of Using Computers

(Working Class)

Among 8 cities

(Among all employed computer users of Age 15+)

%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Place of Using Computer*
At own home47%376
Friend / Relative / Neighbour’s home18144
School/Colleges/University/Institution etc.15120
Office / Shop / Business place etc59472
Internet / Cyber café etc.864
Others18
No response324
Most Often Place of Use
At own home26%208
Friend / Relative / Neighbour’s home864
School/Colleges/University/Institution etc.972
Office / Shop / Business place etc45360
Internet / Cyber café etc.324
Others
No response972
Frequency of Use
Daily (7 days in a week)35%280
5 – 6 days in a week39312
3 – 4 days in a week1296
1 – 2 days in a week1080
No response432
Average number of days computer is used in a week5.5
Duration of Use– Per Day
Upto 1 hour in a day17%136
1 – 2 hours in a day24192
2 – 3 hours in a day14112
3 – 5 hours in a day17136
5 – 8 hours in a day21168
> 8 hours in a day540
No response324
Avg. hours per day3.8
Base: Employed computer users / Literates (15+) in 8 selected cities800 thousands

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

Table

Places, Frequency and Per Day Duration of Using Computers

(Students)

Among 8 cities

(Among computer literate students of

Age 15+)

%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Place of Using Computer*
At own home59%612
Friend / Relative / Neighbour’s home24249
School/Colleges/University/Institution etc.50519
Office / Shop / Business place etc441
Internet / Cyber café etc.17176
Others110
No response110
Most Often Place of Use
At own home45%467
Friend / Relative / Neighbour’s home883
School/Colleges/University/Institution etc.29301
Office / Shop / Business place etc221
Internet / Cyber café etc.662
Others
No response9819
Frequency of Use
Daily (7 days in a week)41%425
5 – 6 days in a week26270
3 – 4 days in a week18187
1 – 2 days in a week11114
No response5456
Average number of days computer is used in a week5.4
Duration of Use– Per Day
Upto 1 hour in a day28%290
1 – 2 hours in a day31321
2 – 3 hours in a day17176
3 – 5 hours in a day12124
5 – 8 hours in a day552
> 8 hours in a day221
No response441
Avg. hours per day2.5
Base: Computer users / Literate students  (15+) in 8 selected cities1037thousands

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

Table

Able to do the Different Works / Activities
Through Computers

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Activities / Works*
Typing / Office work95%760
Entertainment (Games / Movies / Music)83664
Data entry70560
Internet / Chatting / E-mail62496
Programming33264
International calling33264
Database management25200
Graphic designing26208
Page composing25200
Hardware work25200
Web page designing / Developing18144
Networking / Network Engineering1296
Software designing1188

 

Base: Employed computer users (15+) in 8 selected cities800 thousands

* This is a multiple response question therefore sum of percentage may exceed 100.

 

Table

Able to do the Different Works / Activities
Through Computers

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Activities / Works*
Typing / Office work89%923
Entertainment (Games / Movies / Music)90933
Data entry61633
Internet / Chatting / E-mail61633
Programming35363
International calling27280
Database management21218
Graphic designing22228
Page composing18187
Hardware work16166
Web page designing / Developing18187
Networking / Network Engineering11114
Software designing11114

 

Base: Computer users / literate students (15+)1037 thousands

* This is a multiple response question therefore sum of percentage may exceed 100

 

Table

Works / Activities Currently Doing

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Activities / Works*
Typing / Office work84%672
Entertainment (Games / Movies / Music)63528
Data entry56360
Internet / Chatting / E-mail48384
Programming25200
International calling23184
Graphic designing18144
Database management18144
Page composing17136
Hardware work17136
Web page designing / developing1188
Software designing / Developing864
Networking / Network Engineering756
No response648

 

Base: Employed computer users (15+) in 8 selected cities800 thousands

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentage may exceed 100.

 

Table

Works / Activities Currently Doing

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Activities / Works*
Typing / Office work74%767
Entertainment (Games / Movies / Music)77798
Data entry43446
Internet / Chatting / E-mail50519
Programming25259
International calling19197
Graphic designing17176
Database management13135
Page composing13135
Hardware work12124
Web page designing / developing13135
Software designing / Developing883
Networking / Network Engineering773
No response662

 

Base: Computer users / literate students (15+) in 8 selected cities1037 thousands

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentage may exceed 100.

 

Table

Skills Level on Different Works on Computer
Among Those Who are Currently Working

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Able to work

(‘000’)

Row Percentages

Skill Levels

HighModerateLowNo response
Activities / Works
Typing / Office work67255%36%7%1%
Entertainment (Games / Movies /

Music)

528712262
Data entry360573562
Internet / Chatting / E-mail384593462
Programming2003946114
International calling184662941
Graphic designing144523873
Database management144365364
Page composing136692722
Hardware work136395192
Web page designing /Developing884641112
Software designing /Developing64484210
Networking / Network

Engineering

5654388

 

Table

Skills Level on Different Works on Computer
Among Those Who are Currently Working

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Able to work

(‘000’)

Row Percentages

Skill Levels

HighModerateLowNo response
Activities / Works
Typing / Office work76743%45%12%1%
Entertainment (Games / Movies /

Music)

798652573
Data entry4464940101
Internet / Chatting / E-mail519563464
Programming2593054142
International calling197663144
Graphic designing1762756161
Database management1352754154
Page composing1354540123
Hardware work124474392
Web page designing /Developing135385740
Software designing /Developing83354521
Networking / Network

Engineering

734539142

 

Table

Practical Experience Among Those Who are Currently Doing
Different Works of Computers

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Currently working

(‘000’)

Row PercentagesAverage
Upto 1

Year

1 – 3

years

> 3

years

NoneExperience in a year
Activities / Works
Typing / Office work67239%34%26%0%2.8
Entertainment (Games /

Movies / Music)

52842352122.3
Data entry36043332312.5
Internet / Chatting / E-mail38446371431.9
Programming20043342042.3
International calling18448351622.0
Graphic designing14434352562.6
Database management14443342042.3
Page composing13636362272.3
Hardware work13637312932.5
Web page designing8855192152.0
Software designing /

Developing

64392526102.3
Networking / Network

Engineering

5639382122.1

 

Table

Practical Experience Among Those Who are Currently Doing
Different Works of Computers

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Currently working

(‘000’)

Row PercentagesAverage
Upto 1

Year

1 – 3

years

> 3

years

NoneExperience in a year
Activities / Works
Typing / Office work76767%24%  8%  1%1.3
Entertainment (Games /

Movies / Music)

7985928951.5
Data entry4466722831.3
Internet / Chatting / E-mail5196326561.2
Programming2596225671.2
International calling1976030371.2
Graphic designing1766130551.2
Database management1356222971.2
Page composing1356426641.2
Hardware work124453212111.5
Web page designing1355830651.2
Software designing /

Developing

835530781.3
Networking / Network

Engineering

7352291361.5

 

Table

Able to Work on Different Languages /

Packages / Softwares etc

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities

(Among Employed Computer Users of Age 15+)

%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Language / Package / Software*
MS Office (Any)64%512
MS Word27216
MS Excel22176
MS Power Point1296
C++1188
Visual Basic864
FoxPro1296
Basic756
Oracle864
Java540
Cobol648
Internet  / Internet Explorer / Netscape432
No response432

 

Base: Employed computer users (15+) in 8 selected cities800 thousands

 

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

Table

Able to Work on Different Languages /

Packages / Softwares etc

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities

(Among All Computer Users of Age 15+)

%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Language / Package / Software*
MS Office (Any)56%581
MS Word26270
MS Excel18187
MS Power Point993
C++17176
Visual Basic993
FoxPro552
Basic10104
Oracle662
Java773
Cobol331
Internet  / Internet Explorer / Netscape773
No response441

 

Base: Computer users / literate students (15+) in 8 selected cities1037 thousands

 

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

Table

Languages / Packages / Softwares

Currently Using (Working on)

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Language / Package / Software*
MS Office (Any)57%456
MS Word24192
MS Excel17136
MS Power Point864
C++756
Visual Basic648
FoxPro756
Basic432
Oracle648
Java432
Cobol432
Internet / Internet Explorer / Netscape432
No response21168

 

Base: Employed computer users (15+) in 8 selected cities800 thousands

 

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

Table

Languages / Packages / Softwares

Currently Using (Working on)

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Language / Package / Software*
MS Office (Any)51%529
MS Word23239
MS Excel15156
MS Power Point662
C++13135
Visual Basic883
FoxPro441
Basic773
Oracle552
Java662
Cobol221
Internet / Internet Explorer / Netscape773
No response20207

 

Base: Computer users / literate students (15+) in 8 selected cities1037 thousands

 

* Multiple response question therefore sum of percentages may exceed 100.

 

Table

Skills Level on Different Languages / Packages / Softwares
Among Those Who are Currently Working on These

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Able to work

(‘000’)

Row Percentages

Skill Level

HighModerateLowNo response
Languages / Software / Packages
MS Office (Any)45652%43%  4%1%
MS Word19267330
MS Excel13641554
MS Power Point6446494
 
C++5636%56%  6%3%
Visual Basic484951
FoxPro5657385
Basic3254432
Oracle4845523
Java32405010
Cobol32296110
 
Internet / Internet Explorer /

Netscape

3261327

 

Table

Skills Level on Different Languages / Packages / Softwares
Among Those Who are Currently Working on These

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Able to work

(‘000’)

Row Percentages

Skill Level

HighModerateLowNo response
Languages / Software / Packages
MS Office (Any)52941%49%  8%1%
MS Word239434512
MS Excel156306092
MS Power Point6236569
 
C++13527%52%21%
Visual Basic83245916
FoxPro41136720
Basic73345187
Oracle52237231
Java62225225
Cobol21196911
 
Internet / Internet Explorer /

Netscape

7352389

 

Table

Practical Experience on Different Computer Languages / Packages /
Softwares Among Those Who are Currently Using on These

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Currently Working (‘000’)

Row PercentagesAverage
Upto 1

Year

1 – 3

years

> 3

years

NoneExperience in a year
Languages/ Packages/ Softwares
MS Office (Any)45642%31%26% 2%2.6
MS Word19233333223.1
MS Excel1364133262.6
MS Power Point646115242.4
 
C++5653%25%19% 3%2.1
Visual Basic4822482632.6
FoxPro563448182.4
Basic322345323.4
Oracle485124252.3
Java32692561.2
Cobol32692652.2
 
Internet / Internet Explorer /

Netscape

3241411451.9

 

Table

Practical Experience on Different Computer Languages / Packages /
Softwares Among Those Who are Currently Using on These

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
Estimated numbers

Who are Currently Working (‘000’)

Row PercentagesAverage
Upto 1

Year

1 – 3

years

> 3

years

NoneExperience in a year
Languages/ Packages/ Softwares
MS Office (Any)52968%23%5%3%1.2
MS Word2397516451.0
MS Excel1567516441.1
MS Power Point62831251.0
 
C++13568%23%9%0%1.2
Visual Basic837412590.9
FoxPro4185150.6
Basic7361391.5
Oracle52751960.8
Java6261272101.0
Cobol215436101.3
 
Internet / Internet Explorer /

Netscape

73752140.9

 

Table

Most Skilled Work / Package / Language

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Most Skilled Work / Language / Package
MS Office (Any)42%336
MS Word14112
MS Excel540
MS Power Point0.43
C++3%24
Visual Basic216
FoxPro324
Basic216
Oracle216
Java0.86
Cobol0.65
Windows6%48
DOS1.19
Internet / Internet Explorer / Netscape324
No response14112

 

Base: Employed computer users (15+) in 8 selected cities800 thousands

 

Table

Most Skilled Work / Package / Language

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Most Skilled Work / Language / Package
MS Office (Any)38%394
MS Word14145
MS Excel441
MS Power Point1.111
C++6%62
Visual Basic331
FoxPro110
Basic441
Oracle221
Java1.010
Cobol0.22
Windows5%52
DOS1.313
Internet / Internet Explorer / Netscape441
No response13135

 

Base: Computer users / literate students (15+) in 8 selected cities1037 thousands

 

Table

From Where the Education and Training of
Most Skilled Work Acquired

 

 

Among 8 cities
%age

All

%age

Working

Class

%age

Students

Institution / Place
From computer institutes38%41%41%
From Friends / Relatives181918
From School / College / University14723
On Job training614
Others91010
No response1599

 

Table

Able to Work on Operating Systems

And Currently Working on Operating Systems

(Working Class)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Able to Work on
Windows94%752
DOS73584
Unix864
AS 400216
Others432
No response324
Currently Working on
Windows90%720
DOS44352
Unix540
AS 40018
Others324
No response756

 

Base: Employed computer users (15+) in 8 selected cities800 thousands

 

Table

Able to Work on Operating Systems

And Currently Working on Operating Systems

(Students)

 

Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Able to Work on
Windows90%933
DOS67695
Unix662
AS 400
Others221
No response331
Currently Working on
Windows87%902
DOS40415
Unix331
AS 4000
Others110
No response883

 

Base: Computer user  / literate students (15+) in 8 selected cities1037 thousands

 

Table

Credit Card, Mobile Phone Ownership and Intention to Work Abroad

Among Computer Users (age of 15+ or above)

 

Among 8 cities
Among

All

Computer Literates

Among Working ClassAmong Students
Credit Card Ownership
Owners3%5%2%
Non-owners979698
Mobile Phone Ownership
Owners6%11%4%
Non-owners948996
Intention to work abroad in

Computer Field in Next 1 Year

Very much intended26%31%27%
Some what intended141713
Not at all intended434350
No response171010

 

Base: Computer users (15+) in selected cities1975 thousands800

thousands

1037

thousands

 

Table

Credit Card, Mobile Phone Ownership and Intention to Work Abroad

Among Computer Users (age of 15+ or above)

 

Among 8 cities
Among

all

Computer Users

Among

Computer Owning

Users

Among all Computer Non-Owning Users
Credit Card Ownership
Owners3%4%2%
Non-owners979698
Mobile Phone Ownership
Owners6%9%3%
Non-owners949197
Intention to work abroad in

Computer Field in Next 1 Year

Very much intended26%26%27%
Some what intended141414
Not at all intended434540
No response171520

 

Base: Computer users (15+) in selected cities1975 thousands869

thousands

1106 thousands

 

Table

Classification of Employed Computer Literate in Terms of
Use of Computers in Their Official Works

 

 

 Among 8 cities
%ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Classification of Users
Low level
(persons using computer for their typing / office work internet/ e-mail purpose only)33.31%266
Moderate level
(beside the common use of computer like typing, internet / email. Persons using any other package software etc.)17.42%137
High Level12.52100
(additional using some package or working in any language / programming etc. with experience of less than 3 years)
Hardcore Computer Professionals5.10%41
(persons working on any language, involved in software designing, programming, networking or hardware etc with experience of 3 years or more)
No use of computer in their official work31.64%256
 

(persons not using computer for their official works)

 

Base: Computer users (15+) working in any organization / business (41% of 1975)800 thousands

 

Table

Profile of Computer Users of Age 5 or More

 

 Among 8 cities
% ageEstimated numbers in (‘000’)

Projected figure

Gender
Male84%1999
Female16381
Age
5 – 10 years7%167
11 – 14 years10238
15 – 20 years31738
21 – 25 years26619
26 – 30 years15357
31 – 40 years8190
>40 years371
Education
Below matric15%357
Matric13309
Intermediate26619
Graduate25595
Post graduate including professionals14333
*Computer certificate /Diploma /Degree etc.7167
Occupation
Service30%714
Business6143
Students591404
Unemployed495
Housewife248

 

Base: Computer users (Age 5 or above) in 8 selected cities2380 thousands

 

* In case of Computer Education basic Education was not asked.

 

Table

Profile of Computer Literate Households

 

Among 8 cities
Among all Computer Literate HHsAmong Computer Owning Literate HHsAmong Computer Non-Owning Literate HHs
Type of House
Ordinary home76%77%75%
Flat / Apartments242325
Own Vs. Rented House
Own78%79%77%
Rented121114
Others555
No response554
Type of Family
Nuclear family42%44%41%
Joint family585659
Ownership of Durables
Washing machine92%96%90%
Refrigerator848979
Tape recorder818776
Ordinary camera617252
Motorcycle546148
CD players375919
Food factory313826
Flat Screen TV293722
Car284614
Microwave oven263718
Deep freezer263420
Air conditioner254212
Printers13281
Scanners8162
Digital / JPG camera480
Refused436

 

Base: No. of households1190 thousands550

thousands

640

thousands

* The ownership of Flat Screen TV was asked. However the results shows that more than 80%

computer literate households own a TV.

 

 

 

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